ICO confirms hashtag campaign prior to conviction was unlikely to be compliant with the Data Protection Act. Other forces to be advised via ACPO of issues raised by the case
Over the Christmas period Staffordshire Police ran a social media campaign, in which drivers arrested and charged with drink-driving offences were named on twitter with the “hashtag” #drinkdriversnamedontwitter. It seemed to me, and others, that this practice arguably suggested guilt prior to any trial or conviction. As I said at the time
If someone has merely been charged with an offence, it is contrary to the ancient and fundamental presumption of innocence to shame them for that fact. Indeed, I struggle to understand how it doesn’t constitute contempt of court to do so, or to suggest that someone who has not been convicted of drink-driving is a drink driver
and I asked the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO)
whether the practice is compliant with Staffordshire Police’s obligations under the first data protection principle (Schedule 1 of the Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA)) to process personal data fairly and lawfully
The ICO have now issued a statement. Their spokesman says
The ICO spoke to Staffordshire Police following its #DrinkDriversNamedOnTwitter campaign. Our concern was that naming people who have only been charged alongside the label ‘drink driver’ strongly implies a presumption of guilt for the offence, which we felt wouldn’t fit with the Data Protection Act’s fair and lawful processing principle.
We have received reassurances from Staffordshire Police that the hashtag will no longer be used in this way, and are happy with the procedures they have in place. As a result, we will be taking no further action. We’ve also spoken with ACPO about making other police forces aware of the issues raised by this case.
I think this is a very satisfactory result. The ICO have, as I said previously, shown that they are increasingly willing to investigate contraventions of the DPA not limited to security breaches. No one would defend drink driving (and it was not the naming itself that was objectionable, but the tweeting of the names in conjunction with the hashtag) but the police should not be free to indicate or imply guilt prior to conviction – that is quite simply contrary to the rule of law.
What I still think is disappointing though, is that after an initial prompt response from the Attorney General’s twitter account (which missed my point), there has been no word from them as to whether the practice was potentially prejudicial to any forthcoming trial. Maybe they’d like to rethink this, in light of the statement from the ICO?